Tyras occupied an advantageous geographical position and played an important role in the ancient trade of the Northern Black Sea since the first settlement in the 7th and 6th centuries BC But The Tyras as a city can only be talked about from the 5th century BC Remains of ancient Tyras are located under the Ackerman Fortress, an attached square and adjacent streets, where the elevated and protected place was located. The city’s commercial, commercial and port are destroyed by both the waters and the later structures. A medieval fortress was later built on the site of the acropolis. Tira was founded by migrants from Milet. 6th century BC – 3rd century BC – the time of the greatest heyday of the economy (agriculture and viticulture, craft, fishing, trade with the population of Transnistria) and the culture of Tyras, the city minted and its own coin, not only copper and bronze, but also gold stateters (3 types), as well as silver drachmas.

In the 2nd century BC, Tyras was ruled by local kings whose names appear on his coins. In the middle of the 1st century BC the city was destroyed by the Goths.

In the middle of the 1st century AD, the city was restored by the Romans, presumably to the reign of Nero, and later part of the province of Lower Mezia. The city has regained its former significance. The minting of its own coins in the city continued with small interruptions from the time of Emperor Domitian (81 AD) until the end of the reign of Emperor Alexander severance (235 AD). The tyra coins of this period are brass with portraits of members of the imperial house of the Roman Empire. At this time in Tyras was a small detachment of Roman legionaries.

In the second half of the 3rd century the city underwent an invasion ready, but archaeological finds show that the Romans remained there until the end of the fourth century (under Theodosia I). It is believed that the city died as a result of the Gunn invasion. In 376 the Huns forced the Dniester and through the Bujak steppes rushed to the borders of the Roman Empire. The most recent Roman coin from Tyras dates back to the reign of Emperor Valentinian (364-375) and is now the last accurately dated object from the excavations of this ancient center.

Archaeological excavations of Tyras fortification have been underway since the beginning of the 20th century.


Photos of the ancient settlement of Tyras



Ancient settlement of Tyras on map